If we judge by caverns that exist in Brotnjo, including the parish of Medjugorje, is not excluded that in this area as far back as the Palaeolithic. From the Neolithic Age, there is material evidence of the existence of pre-Illyrian culture and civilization in this area. In the earlier Bronze Age, there is an Illyrian tribe. The intense life are proof of the copper objects found in this region. Date from this period established settlements on the hills so.ruins, which subi round or square. Sometimes they were surrounded by double zidinama.Na the parish of Medjugorje, there are ruins of Surmanci and Žuželju above Medjugorje itself was surrounded by double walls. With the castle most eloquent evidence of the Illyrian Illyrian civilization as tombs of dignitaries, which is abundant in Brotnjo, even in the parish of Medjugorje. Daors in 2nd century BC. Christ will enter into an alliance with the Romans and, with them fighting against the Illyrian tribes of Dalmatia.Brotnjo first belonged to the Illyrian province of Dalmatia, which has administrative headquarters in Solin near Split, and from 3 St. Narona environment. Tombstone inscriptions in Latin, testify that in Brotnjo housed the Roman legions and cohorts, and there lived retired Roman soldiers-veterans. From Roman times, there are the remains of the road which was built in the 3rd c In addition it was found many Roman grave monuments, and objects of everyday use. The most important Roman site in Medjugorje is located at the Catholic cemetery in Miletina, where they discovered the remains of the ruins of some buildings made of Roman bricks, but it is not sufficiently explored.
Second The beginnings of Croatian history. Since the end of the 6th century, this region was inhabited by Croats. Brotnjo represented a tribal political and territorial unit of the County Prefect of the tribal čelu.Brotnjo always belonged to the land of Hum, which is the 1322nd fell under Bosnian state. The 1357th This area belongs to the Hungarian-Croatian king Louis I. The medieval period most famous monuments of civilization in this region are tombstones – a truly indigenous grave memorials of this area. Herzegovina by the number and size of the necropolis, the richness of decoration and the beauty and artistic value of the processing tombstones have priority over others in today’s Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the Brotnjo has many burial grounds and tombstones, including the area of Medjugorje. For some of them are humanoid carved crosses with arms raised in prayer. This is the area to 12 century was Glagolitic area, The famous Humac plate. In the second half of the 12th century predominant form of the Cyrillic alphabet, so called. Cyrillic. In the area of Brotnjo not found a single Latin inscription from the Middle Ages, but only Croatian inscriptions written in Bosnian Cyrillic.
3. Turkish occupation
Christianity to the area surrounding Medjugorje in Roman times. Judging by the numerous remains of early Christian churches were very widespread. Largely destroyed, and churches destroyed during the migration in the 6th and 7 century AD server. Croatian settlers accepted Christianity very early, starting to be baptized as early as the 7thcentury, however, the Catholic Church in the medieval Croatian Bosnian state never managed to firmly establish. It has facilitated the expansion of the “Bosnian Church”. In the 13th century, the Croatian Bosnian state, which belongs to the land of Hum (Herzegovina), as the first Dominican missionaries came, and after their failure Franciscans, who accomplished great success in bringing the bougainvillea or “Bosnian Christians” to the Catholic Church and the vjere.Bosna Herzegovina fell under Turkish rule 1463rd Turkish conquerors wished to occupy the whole of Croatia, to reach Vienna and Rome, and further west. On their way to Croatia stood by the pope because “bulwark of Christianity.” However, Croatia has had to pay a high price. Not only were many Croats perished in the ceaseless wars, kidnapped her is her middle part, her heart: Bosnia and Herzegovina. Life Catholics under Turkish rule was constantly exposed to Islam, oppression and persecution. The Turkish feudal system, none of the Christians could not possess anything immovable. Catholics were a permanent “state enemies”, because their head was in a “hostile” Rome. Subsisted from stock and work on the properties of Turkish domestic and embraced Islam by giving a tax on livestock, crop, and that children are forcibly abducted by the Turks, Islam and one of them created janissaries, elite troops to win the still unconquered Christian lands, and their own -Croatian. Therefore, many Croats were forced to flee westward. In this way the Islamic element entered into Bosnia and Herzegovina. By the time of Turkish occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina was almost 100% populated by Croats. As the Turkish from the east and the Serbs were fleeing before them, and then helping them to win, moved to these areas where they had never lived.
4th Franciscan role
Activities of the Franciscans in the region since the time of their arrival had a life as cultural, religious and other survival Croats. Franciscans emerged in the Croatian lands in the early decades of the 13th For a whole century during the Turkish occupation (1463-1878) the Franciscans were the only clergy, Catholic Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their only representatives and defenders of the Turkish authorities. The Franciscans are all shared the plight of his people. After the Turks in the first half of the 16th century destroyed all of the Franciscan monasteries in Herzegovina, the spiritual care of Croatian Catholics from Franciscan Christian Dalmatia and Croatian. After the Turkish rule, only the ruins of the monastery, and during her Franciscans were persecuted, tortured and murdered, thrown alive into the river Neretva … in Bosnia and Herzegovina and beyond was first established Bosnian Franciscan province. 1852nd Herzegovinian Custody was established, and the 1892nd Herzegovinian Franciscan province, whose members work in today’s parish Međugorje.Franjevci are in Bosnia and Herzegovina have left indelible marks. Many have enriched the Church in their personal holiness and heroic witness of the Gospel, educated the population, and contributed to the development of art and the great wars of the 17th znanosti.U century the majority of parishes in Herzegovina was destroyed, among them the parish of Medjugorje. When in the 18th century in Herzegovina, relative peace returned, the Franciscans gathered the remnants of believers and established parishes. The parish of Medjugorje was founded 1892nd year.
5th The Austro-Hungarian Administration of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the creation of Yugoslavia
After liberation from Ottoman rule (1878), the power in this region has taken the Austro-Hungarian. For political reasons, the newly liberated areas did not want the Croatian state to which they belong historically. So once again in the history of Croatian people of Bosnia and Herzegovina remained outside nuts zemlje.Godine 1914th First World War began. The reason: the assassination of Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, which is committed Serb Gavrilo Princip. By the end of World War I 1918th fraud is established Yugoslavia as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. This fraud was the big powers. In such a state of the Croatian people lived very hard, and politician who fought for the freedom of Croats and protected their interests, Stjepan Radic, was brutally murdered in Belgrade Assembly 1928th year. 1929th The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was established that the early dissolution II. World War II.
6th Life in the Second Yugoslavia
During the II. World War II losses of the Croatian people were immense. At the end of the war, when the end of the war has been officially released, about 300,000 civilians and soldiers lost their lives in Bleiberg and the “Way of the Cross,” the Croatian people, when, after the capitulation of the Allies, in accordance with the agreements reached, should give refuge to Croats and other nationalities who are fleeing the Communists.However, the Allies, according to the order field-marshal Harold Alexander, handed the soldiers and civilians communists – the partisans. In Bleiburg claimed the lives of a multitude of people, while the rest of them had formed a long column of 60 km with a view to the communist Yugoslavia and its camps. This was the beginning of the Croatian Golgotha so. Way of the Cross, which ran from the northernmost to the southernmost point of the new multinational state of Yugoslavia. Partisans killed the fly, without trial, without establishing any possible guilt at their own discretion. In particular they were persecuted Croats from Herzegovina. The communists killed 630 priests and nuns from the Croatian and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and only the Herzegovinian Franciscan province was violently killed 70 Franciscans. II. World War took 344 lives in the parish of Medjugorje. Life under communist rule in the parish of Medjugorje was hard. People were beaten and sentenced to years in prison just because they were Catholics and the Croats. The school, as well as in other Croatian regions, the children tried their national identity and their faith. Thanks to the strong faith of the people they did not succeed in tomu.Kraj at the same time systematically economically neglected to as many people emigrated. The pilgrims who came here at the beginning of the apparitions, saw all this in action. They found very poor region and rude cops. The government did not permit them to provide any services, but they, along with local population persecuted and imprisoned because they said that Our Lady appeared. However, local people were hospitable and proud.
The Communist dictatorship collapses 1990th , when the Croatian people unanimously decided for the independence and secession from the artificially created Yugoslavia.This, of course, did not favor the idea of Greater and the Yugoslav army, made up mostly of Serbs, militarily attacked Slovenia (25 June 1991. On the 10th anniversary of the apparitions), Croatia, then Bosnia and Herzegovina, wanting to quell their independence.Several hundred thousand people lost their lives during this bloody war. This world of bloodshed could have stopped. However, due to their personal interests did not. EEC has condemned the warring sides, hoping to wash your hands and save Yugoslavia as a country composed of more people that would be used to further their own aims. First Minister James Baker, Bush’s government has even allowed the Yugoslav army attacked Slovenia. European and world powers sought out and seek their own interests in these areas. Because of this, and now, trying to tarnish this war and view it as a civil war in which everyone is equal. The truth is, however, quite different and very simple: the Serbs, wanting to create a greater Serbia, attacked other nations who have hitherto lived with them in the same state. It could have been because in the former Yugoslavia, all the power in their hands. They are great powers, namely, the role of gendarmes were determined in the Balkans and therefore looked favorably on their actions. Even when they committed the first great genocide, as in Vukovar, did not want to stop them. They started to stop them when they exceeded every measure, and began to injure the reputation of their patron. Croat war with the Muslim community in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1993). Began as a series of misunderstandings and a desire of some foreign intelligence agencies to occupy as much territory in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to consolidate. The Croats wanted only to give them no more orders than themselves, to have their own schools and that their language can be called Croatian, while remaining in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Muslim community, the largest in Bosnia and Herzegovina, by a fundamentalist leadership, wanted the new state according to Islamic law and to impose their rule all others. For this purpose, were brought from all over the world mujahideen who committed terrible crimes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This war, however, quickly ended because it was really unnecessary.
Today, Medjugorje is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Because of the communist regime and the terrible war, the infrastructure is in Medjugorje is still underdeveloped.However, it does not stop pilgrims from coming here, even during intense combat. Many of them brought aid and helping the Croatian people to stay in this area. The Croatian people will never forget. Today, pilgrims are coming more and more. All of them, in fact, want to live a heart full of grace time, and not let it pass them by.
Links to interesting content of Medjugorje: